Top 5 Effective Ways to Take Care of Your Diabetic Foot

Diabetes causes reduced blood flow throughout your body, and because of gravity, your feet are especially affected. In addition, nerve damage from diabetes can cause you not to be aware if you have cuts or sores on your feet. Because of reduced circulation, even a small cut or blister could turn into an ulcer. It’s important to practice good foot care to ensure this doesn’t happen.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose is high because your body is either not producing insulin, not producing enough insulin, or not using it effectively. Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that allows your body to use the glucose in your blood. As a result, in diabetes your cells don’t get the food they need, and the high glucose levels in your blood can cause damage.

What does diabetes have to do with feet?

Diabetes can cause nerve damage that can cause pain and tingling, and you may lose feeling in your feet. This is known as diabetic neuropathy. As a result of this nerve damage, you may not notice if you get a sore or cut on your foot, because you won’t feel it.

A complication of diabetes is that it affects the flow of blood through your body. Because of gravity, your feet already have low circulation, and diabetes worsens this. If you do get a cut or sore on your foot, this reduced blood flow will increase the chance that you will get an infection that won’t heal. Developing good foot care habits can reduce the chance this will occur.

5 effective ways to take care of your diabetic foot

The best place to start for diabetic foot care is to see a podiatrist like Dr. Peter J. Bregman, a skilled doctor who has significant experience caring for diabetic patients. He helps develop a foot care plan that will help protect your feet and your overall health.

Specialized diabetic shoe fittings and orthotics

You can have special seamless, breathable shoes fitted to your feet with custom insoles that can help you avoid getting blisters or sores on your feet. It’s important that you wear shoes and socks at all times to avoid damage to your feet.

Checking for cuts and wounds

It is important that you examine your feet every day so that you’ll be able to spot problem areas before they worsen. Get in the habit of checking your feet when you take off your shoes, looking for any blisters, warts, sores, or ingrown toenails. It is important to cover any of these with a bandage and keep an eye on them to make sure they don’t get worse.

Treating diabetic ulcers

Make sure to seek professional care if you have any sore or cut on your feet that isn’t getting better. Prompt professional care can help the sores heal. If they turn into diabetic ulcers, you urgently need to have them treated by a doctor to keep the infection under control.

Corn and callus removal

It’s important to watch for the development of corns and calluses on your feet. These tough skin growths can become ulcers, which must be carefully removed. Dr. Peter J. Bregman can show you how to manage them. Usually the best way is to use a pumice stone after showering. Do not cut them or use medicated removers.

Toenail trimming

Toenail trimming can cause problems if you cut into ingrown toenails or nick your skin, so use caution. Trim the toenails straight across your toes, and use an emery board to smooth each nail. If your nails are thick or you can’t reach your feet, ask Dr. Bregman for assistance.

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose levels are too high. Diabetes also causes reduced blood flow and nerve damage that can lead to ulcers on your feet. It is important to take good care of your feet to avoid developing diabetic foot.  Call or click today to set up an appointment with Dr. Peter J. Bregman.

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